Tineola bisselliella (Cloth moth)
Tinea pelionella (Casemaking Cloth moth)
The larvae of cloth moths mainly feed on a protein called ceratin which is contained in some textile facrics, especially in animal hair. However, plant-based and synthetic fibres can be damaged as well, although they cannot be digested by the moth larvae.
Tha adult female moth lays 100-300 eggs onto textile fabrics, carpets, feathers, furs and upholstered furniture. After about two weks, tiny yellowish-white larvae hatch from the eggs. The development into the adult moth takes 60 days to several months, depending on the environmental conditions. The extremely robust larvae are even able to survive up to one year if conditions are poor!
The moths can easily be recognized by their caracteristic brightly shimmering wings. The hind wings are somewhat brighter than the shiny forewings, both pairs of wings are fringed.
The moths are activ from April/May until September. The adult male moths can be attracted by pheromone traps. Under optimum conditions, four generations per year can be possible. Larvae and adult moths prefer darkness, so they feel perfectly comfortable in your wardrobe!
The casemaking Cloth moth equals the Cloth moth in size but prefers colder, damper rooms. The forewings have two dark spots before and one dark spot behind the middle, the hind wings are of yellow and bright gray colour.